MiFID 2 Anatomy™
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MiFID 2 creates quite the regime for trading facilities, public and private. There are regulated markets and multilateral trading facilities, both present in MiFID 1, and a new class of organised trading facilities which are mutually exclusive.
ˈrɛɡjəleɪtɪd ˈmɑːkɪt (n.)
‘regulated market’ means a multilateral system operated and/or managed by a market operator, which brings together or facilitates the bringing together of multiple third-party buying and selling interests in financial instruments – in the system and in accordance with its non-discretionary rules – in a way that results in a contract, in respect of the financial instruments admitted to trading under its rules and/or systems, and which is authorised and functions regularly and in accordance with Title III of this Directive;
This are the big boys: stock and futures exchanges.
Multilateral trading facility
ˌmʌltɪˈlætərəl ˈtreɪdɪŋ fəˈsɪləti (n.)
‘multilateral trading facility’ or ‘MTF’ means a multilateral system, operated by an investment firm or a market operator, which brings together multiple third-party buying and selling interests in financial instruments – in the system and in accordance with non-discretionary rules – in a way that results in a contract in accordance with Title II of this Directive;
A multilateral trading facility is an electronic trading system that which brings together multiple third-party buying and selling interests to purchase and sell financial instruments (including those that may not have an official market). MFTs are often operated by established market participants such as investment banks. Orders will usually be submitted electronically and a software engine employing non-discretionary rules will be used to pair buyers with sellers. MTFs must meet certain other criteria prescribed by MiFID. Examples include as Chi-X and Turquoise.
Organised trading facility
ˈɔːɡənaɪzd ˈtreɪdɪŋ fəˈsɪləti (n.)
‘organised trading facility’ or ‘OTF’ means a multilateral system which is not a regulated market or an MTF and in which multiple third-party buying and selling interests in bonds, structured finance products, emission allowances or derivatives are able to interact in the system in a way that results in a contract in accordance with Title II of this Directive;
Note, OTFs are mutually exclusive with MTFs and regulated markets.
- Dealing on own account where whether you are on an OTF or not can make all the difference.