Hedging Party - Equity Derivatives Provision

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2002 ISDA Equity Derivatives Definitions

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12.9(a)(ix) in a Nutshell

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12.9(a)(ix) in all its glory

12.9(a)(ix)Hedging Party” means the party specified in the related Confirmation as the Hedging Party or, if no Hedging Party is specified, either party to the Transaction;

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Compare Hedging Party, Determining Party and Calculation Agent — indeed, see a special article we have made which does exactly that.


The conceptual confusion caused by physical hedging not being done by the counterparty in person. And don’t even start about the Determining Party

Relevant in the context of Additional Disruption Events and hedging disruption, the Hedging Party will be the entity actually carrying out the hedging activity, if it isn’t the party to the ISDA Master Agreement itself. If no Hedging Party is specified, it defaults to the parties themselves.

Note also the related concept of the Determining Party, who is the person calculating the replacement cost of the Transaction following an Extraordinary Event (e.g. termination following a Hedging Disruption, Change in Law or Increased Cost of Hedging).

In this case there will be a string of intermediate hedging contracts — usually derivatives — but these may not behave in exactly the way that a real underlier would (in terms of market disruption, tax events, liquidity etc). and what the Equity Derivatives Definitions are meant to do is pass on the risk associated with the actual underlier.

So for example in the example pictured, Party A provide exposure to client, hedges that with a equity TRS to Hedging Party, which goes long the physical share. Now the Hedging Party, not Party A, has the risk of the physical assets. If there is a market disruption, or a tax event on the physical hedge this is reflected in the price that Hedging Party will have to pay to Party A, but it isn’t a market disruption or tax event directly on Party A itself (and in fact might not be – Party A might be domiciled in a jurisdiction benefitting from a different tax treaty with the jurisdiction of the underlier, for example). So in this case we need to reference the position as held by a person other than the counterparty to the swap.

Note also that “Non-Hedging Party” definition somewhat assumes that the Hedging Party will indeed be the actual counterparty to the Transaction.

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  • The JC’s famous Nutshell summary of this clause

Template:M premium Equity Derivatives 12.9(a)(ix)


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