EU Emissions Allowance Transaction Annex to the 2005 ISDA Commodity Definitions
A Jolly Contrarian owner’s manual™
Suspension in a Nutshell™
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Suspension in all its glory
: Means any date a party to the Agreement is unable to perform its delivery or acceptance obligations under and in accordance with an EU Emissions Allowance Transaction
and the Scheme through a Relevant Registry
as a result of the occurrence of any of the following events:
- (i) absence of Registry Operation; or
- (ii) the occurrence of an Administrator Event.
(d)(i)(5) Suspension Event
- (A) Notification of Suspension Event: Upon the occurrence of a Suspension Event, the party affected by the Suspension Event shall, as soon as reasonably practicable, notify the other party in writing of the commencement of the Suspension Event. To the extent available to the party affected by the Suspension Event, it shall also provide details of the Suspension Event including a non-binding estimate of the duration of its inability to perform its obligations due to the Suspension Event.
- (B) Effect of Suspension Event: Where a Suspension Event occurs, the obligations of both parties which would otherwise be required to be performed with respect to the EU Emissions Allowance Transaction(s) affected by the Suspension Event will be suspended for the duration of the Suspension Event and, subject to Part (d)(i)(5)(D)(Continuing Suspension Event) below, will not be required to be performed until the Suspension Event ceases to exist.
- (C) Suspension Event Delayed Performance: Subject to Part (d)(i)(5)(D)(Continuing Suspension Event) below, upon the Suspension Event ceasing to exist, both parties will be required to resume full performance of their obligations under this Agreement in respect of the relevant EU Emissions Allowance Transaction (including, for the avoidance of doubt, any suspended obligations) as soon as possible but no later than the day that is the earlier of: (i) the tenth Delivery Business Day following the date on which the Suspension Event ceases to exist; and (ii) 3 Delivery Business Days prior to the End of Phase Reconciliation Deadline (the “Delayed Delivery Date”).
- In the event that the Allowances to be Delivered are delivered to Receiving Party on or before the Delayed Delivery Date following the occurrence of a Suspension Event as contemplated by Part (d)(i)(5)(B)(Effect of a Suspension Event) above, Receiving Party agrees to pay Delivering Party on the Delayed Payment Date:
- (I) for the purposes of an Allowance Forward Transaction, an amount equal to the sum of: (X) Allowance Purchase Price multiplied by the Number of Allowances delivered on or before the relevant Delayed Delivery Date; and (Y) the Cost of Carry Amount; or
- (II) for the purposes of an Allowance Option Transaction, an amount equal to the sum of: (X) the Allowance Strike Price multiplied by the Number of Allowances delivered on or before the relevant Delayed Delivery Date; and (Y) the Cost of Carry Amount.
- For the avoidance of doubt, the Cost of Carry Amount shall be identified in the relevant VAT Invoice sent to Receiving Party.
- (D) Continuing Suspension Event: Where:
- [(I)] a Suspension Event continues to exist on the Long-Stop Date, then an [Additional Termination Event]/[Illegality] shall be deemed to have occurred in respect of which the relevant EU Emissions Allowance Transaction is the sole Affected Transaction [,]/[and] both parties are Affected Parties [and no Waiting Period will apply]. The parties agree that the Long-Stop Date will be the Early Termination Date for the purposes of the relevant EU Emissions Allowance Transaction. For purposes of determining any amount payable under Section 6(e) in respect of that Early Termination Date, it will be deemed that the parties had no further delivery or payment obligations in respect of the EU Emissions Allowance Transaction after the occurrence of the Suspension Event (other than in respect of any payment due by one party in connection with delivery obligations already performed by the other party); provided, however, that (i) Delivering Party shall promptly refund to Receiving Party any amount that may have been paid by Receiving Party in respect of the EU Emissions Allowance Transaction that is an Allowance Forward Transaction or a Call and (ii) Receiving Party shall promptly refund to Delivering Party any amount that may have been paid by Delivering Party in respect of an EU Emissions Allowance Transaction that is a Put (in each case, other than in respect of delivered Allowances) together with interest on that amount in the same currency as that amount for the period from (and including) the date that amount was paid to (but excluding) the date of termination of such EU Emissions Allowance Transaction, at the rate certified by the party required to refund the amount to be a rate offered to such party by a major bank in a relevant interbank market for overnight deposits in the applicable currency, such bank to be selected in good faith by that party for purposes of obtaining a representative rate that will reasonably reflect conditions prevailing at the time in the relevant market.
Cost of Carry Amount: Means an amount in EUR equal to:
- (a) the Cost of Carry Rate multiplied by:
- (i) in respect of an Allowance Forward Transaction, the Allowance Purchase Price multiplied by the Number of Allowances delivered on or before the Delayed Delivery Date following the occurrence of a Suspension Event; or
- (ii) in respect of an Allowance Option Transaction, the Allowance Strike Price multiplied by the Number of Allowances delivered on or before the Delayed Delivery Date following the occurrence of a Suspension Event;
- multiplied by:
- (c) the Cost of Carry Delay, divided by 360.
Cost of Carry Delay: Means the number of days in the period from (and including) the scheduled Payment Date to (but excluding) the Delayed Payment Date.
Cost of Carry Rate: Means a rate equal to the Floating Rate that would be determined for a Calculation Period commencing on (and including) the scheduled Payment Date and ending on (but excluding) the Delayed Payment Date, if the Reset Date were the last day of that Calculation Period and the applicable Floating Rate Option were “EUR-EONIA-OIS-COMPOUND”.
Resources and Navigation
The definition of Suspension Event is more or less the same in all three emissions trading documentation regimes. Compare:
ISDA: Suspension Event
IETA: Suspension Event
EFET: Suspension Event
As an extra treat, here are some deltaviews:
IETA vs EFET: comparison
ISDA vs IETA: comparison
You will notice similarities between the way a Suspension Event and a Settlement Disruption Event. One can, and we do, bellyache about the way ISDA’s crack drafting squad™ goes about the task of rendering its fantastical ideas in the language of Shakespeare and Milton, but you can’t really fault them for consistency.
Here, in counterpoint to a normal Settlement Disruption Event if there is delayed performance the payment obligation is adjusted to include a Cost of Carry Amount.
This a limited thing — some would say, arbitrarily limited — where regulatory/government fiat at the heart of the European Union stops the system functioning as it should, but not permanently. So, taking the Union Registry offline, an Administrator Event — but not some other regulatory driven externalities. It doesn’t include Abandonment of Scheme or an “executive decision” (however unlikely) that Phase 3 Allowances are no longer elibigle for surrender in Phase 4.
You may never thank us for producing this diagram of how the various Suspension Events and Disruption Events do, or don’t interact with each other: it is probably wrong and we will never get that two hours back. But here it is for whatever small crumb of enlightenment it may bring.
Someone has got a mind infested by nefarious phantoms, readers: either the ISDA’s crack drafting squad™ does, collectively, or the JC does. We are totally not ruling out the JC, to be clear. But this is too weird.
A Suspension Event happens when the official infrastructure falls over so that the parties can’t transfer Allowances to settle a Transaction. It is the fault of neither party — therefore to be distinguished from a Failure to Deliver, which generally will be. While there is overlap between Settlement Disruption Events and Suspension Events (in that both are things beyond the parties’ control) Suspension Event, being narrower and related to the failure of official infrastructure, trumps Settlement Disruption Event where they both apply to the same event. Generalia specialibus non derogant, I suppose.
Note the Long-Stop Date concept, which references 1 June in a year following a set of seemingly arbitrary two-year spells in the Fourth Compliance Period and relates only to Suspension Events, not Settlement Disruption Events, and also appears to bear no relation at all to the Reconciliation Deadline at the end of April in each year.
We have compared Settlement Disruption Events and Suspension Events here.
A curiosity to which the JC has not yet found a plausible answer is why there is a Cost of Carry adjustment for Suspension Events that run over the scheduled Delivery Date, but not for other, ordinary Settlement Disruption Events (or for that matter, Failures to Deliver).
There is no at-market termination provision at a Long-Stop
Also, the “then I woke up and it was all a dream” method of resolving irreconcilable suspensions. Unlike for Settlement Disruption Event, ISDA’s Carbon Squad did not provide for “Payment on Termination for Suspension Event”. We are baffled by this, as we have mentioned elsewhere: it defaults the position to one where the person who thought they had sold forward a risk finds, for reasons entirely beyond their control, that not only was that risk transfer ineffective, but the risk has come about and the asset is, effectively worth zero. If you consider the position of someone who was, for example, financing someone else’s Allowance allocation — hardly out of the question, since that is basically the point of a Forward Purchase Transaction this is transparently the wrong outcome, since the Seller — the person who is borrowing against its Allowances — gets to keep the money. Madness.
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- ↑ We think this number is superfluous, in that there is not a (II).
- ↑ Since ISDA’s crack drafting squad™ elected to express a mathematical proposition on its own tortured prose, it is not entirely clear what is meant to be divided by 360: the stray comma suggests maybe it is meant to be a denominator for the whole sum, but we think it makes more sense to divide only the Cost of Carry Delay by 360, as that gets you an annualised day count fraction that the rest of the sum can be multiplied by. If you ignored the ambiguous comma, that is the most consistent with the paragraph layout.