2002 ISDA Master Agreement
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Unpaid Amounts in a Nutshell™
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Unpaid Amounts in all its glory
” owing to any party means, with respect to an Early Termination Date
, the aggregate of
- (a) in respect of all Terminated Transactions, the amounts that became payable (or that would have become payable but for Section 2(a)(iii) or due but for Section 5(d)) to such party under Section 2(a)(i) or 2(d)(i)(4) on or prior to such Early Termination Date and which remain unpaid as at such Early Termination Date,
- (b) in respect of each Terminated Transaction, for each obligation under Section 2(a)(i) which was (or would have been but for Section 2(a)(iii) or 5(d)) required to be settled by delivery to such party on or prior to such Early Termination Date and which has not been so settled as at such Early Termination Date, an amount equal to the fair market value of that which was (or would have been) required to be delivered and
- (c) if the Early Termination Date results from an Event of Default, a Credit Event Upon Merger or an Additional Termination Event in respect of which all outstanding Transactions are Affected Transactions, any Early Termination Amount due prior to such Early Termination Date and which remains unpaid as of such Early Termination Date,
in each case together with any amount of interest accrued or other compensation in respect of that obligation or deferred obligation, as the case may be, pursuant to Section 9(h)(ii)(l) or (2), as appropriate.
The fair market value of any obligation referred to in clause (b) above will be determined as of the originally scheduled date for delivery, in good faith and using commercially reasonable procedures, by the party obliged to make the determination under Section 6(e) or, if each party is so obliged, it will be the average of the Termination Currency Equivalents of the fair market values so determined by both parties.
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Unpaid Amounts are of interest in two cases:
Default — obviously, they a significant possibility where a party is not meetings it obligations as they fall due; and
When taking credit support — because they must be remembered when calculating ones Exposure.
You may want to know where Unpaid Amounts feature in the ISDA Master Agreement. The answer: In Payments on Early Termination: Section 6(e)(i) (for Events of Default) and 6(e)(ii) (for Termination Events) and 6(e)(iv) (Adjustment for Illegality or Force Majeure Event).
If you think of an ISDA Transaction as comprising offsetting payment streams, these payments fall into one of three ontological categories:
- Been and gone: Those that are already paid: settled, gone, checked into the hereafter; on permanent location in that foreign country we call the past — we care less about these; they are but a fossil record: they pose no risk, attract no capital and excite no prospects of revenue or compensation.
- Yet to come: Due to be paid, or delivered, at a specified date in the future. Perhaps fixed; perhaps yet to be determined, but conceptually still out there. It is, conventionally, by off setting the provisional present value of these future cashflows, that we value “the Transaction” — this is what we call its “replacement cost”.
- The twilight zone: That weird inter-regnum of payments whose due date has passed, and which should have have been paid, and thus emigrated permanently to that foreign country but, for whatever reason — inattention, inability, defiance, or the affordances of Section 2(a)(iii) — they have not yet been made, so they need to be worried about, accounted for and factored into things, over and above the “replacement” value of the trade.
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Also relevant to the definition of Exposure in the various iterations of the ISDA credit support annex.